OBC Full Form, Definition, Benefits, and Schemes

OBC Full Form and Meaning: Other Backward Class is the full form of OBC. As you may know, in our country, India, there are a lot of castes, and people are all divided into different caste categories. OBC, ST, SC, and General are the categories used to separate or classify people of different social groups. All of these are the official caste categories of India, declared by the government and registered in the Constitution of India. If you also want to know all the information about all caste categories and the full forms of OBC, ST, and SC, stay with us and read this article till the end. 

What is the Full Form of OBC, SC, and ST

OBC refers to Other Backward Classes

SC full form: Scheduled Castes

ST full form: Scheduled Tribes

What is the Definition of OBC Caste

People who belong to a lower class fall into this category according to the Indian constitution. All who come under this category are very poor and socially backward. More than 5,000 castes fall under the OBC category. 97% of these reserved castes are Yadav, Kurmi, Jat, Saini, Thevar, Ezhava, Kahar, Kashyap, Mallah, Nishad, Kumhar, Prajapati, and Vokkaliga. Apart from these castes, Muslims also fall into the category of OBC.

What Benefits you get if you are OBC

In India, this caste gets many benefits in numerous fields, including government jobs, educational institutes, and other benefits. Even in all government jobs, special seats are reserved so these people stand out from the rest, and they also get grace marks in all government examinations. The Indian government has launched many schemes for OBC, ST, and SC. They can take advantage of these schemes, but they must have a certificate of their caste that elaborates that the person who is applying belongs to the OBC category. The procedure to get a certificate is simple; you can apply it online. In India, around 30% of the population belongs to the OBC category.

Schemes Available for OBC Caste Category People

So far we have talked about OBC’s full form and the benefits this caste’s people can get. Now, we are going to discuss the schemes offered by the government of India for these people. Some of the schemes are mentioned below:

  • 27% of seats are reserved for the OBC category
  • Pre-Matric Scholarship
  • Post-Matric Scholarship
  • Construction of Hostels
  • National fellowship
  • Interest subsidy on educational loans for overseas studies
  • Assistance to voluntary organizations for welfare
  • Free coaching scheme & more

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) – Clear Your Doubts in Single Line

What is the Full Form of OBC?

Other Backward Classes

Who are the Other Backward Classes?

It is a group of socially and educationally backward communities in India.

What are the Criteria for Classification in the OBC Category?

Based on social, economic, and educational parameters, communities are classified as OBC. It can differ from state to state.

What is the Purpose of OBC Reservations?

OBC reservations aim to provide backward communities with opportunities for social and economic progress.

How Many Castes Fall Into the OBC Category?

As per the updated data, there are more than 5,000 castes.

How Many Reserved Seats are Available for the OBC Category?

27% of seats are reserved in all government sectors.


As we described in this article, OBC is a category that belongs to the socially and economically backward. The government took several steps to bring them in front by providing several benefits in studies, jobs, and more. They can take advantage of certain other privileges and benefits provided by the Indian Government. And because of the support of the government, the OBC caste’s people are taking steps forward as they get an advantage in all things compared to other castes. If you need more information about OBC and other castes, you can comment below for assistance.